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First Aid Kit – Recommended

Record your First Aid Kit contents
Band Aids small & medium.   4/4         Paper- notebook & pencil
Bandage – stretch small    1         Bandage - crepe med.   1   
Panadol   4       Cotton wool swabs   2   
Nurofen+   4       Gauze swabs   2   
Diastop   8    Baking Soda Smalll.cont.   1
Dressings Non adherent   2    Diflacan Throat Loz   2   
For Allergy:      
Eye pad    1          Claratyne/Lorata dine 10mg   10
Micropore roll dsg. tape   1         Hand sanitizer   
Savlon tube      1   

Optional:      
Disposable Gloves     Steristrips packs   4   
Emergency Blanket    1    Scissors - small   1
Telfa pads dssgs.   2    Matches & candle stub
1pkt    Safety pins – varied    6 Triangle /sling   1   
Mouthguard mouth to mouth   1    Tweezers      1

Personal medications

Resource: Advice from St John’s First Aid Hints –and Website plus ASC Directory and Membership List Personal First Aid and Survival Kit list.

Choking:
Sudden onset, SILENT – cannot speak - needs prompt action - 5 hard thumps btwn. shoulder blades – then: 5 hard ‘chest thrusts’ bottom of sternum below breasts –
Now stand behind - make a fist, place 2nd hand over fist, position bottom of sternum and thrust back hard 5 times.
Call ambulance after 1st series/set or get someone else to - when unconscious will fall down – commence CPR. and continue until patient responsive or aid arrives.
CPR – requires 30 chest compressions, at a rate of 100 per minute, followed by 2 (mouth-to-mouth) rescue breaths, - with ongoing repeats until responsive.
CPR for cardiac arrest, choking, drowning, electric shock, severe allergy, severe trauma or prolonged shock. (Aims to circulate blood to vital organs until aid arrives or pt. rouses)

Heart Attack:
Pain – breathing faster – can cause indigestion & pain (Prevention – exercise – no smoking – genetics – keep stress levels down – diet)
Walking – slow down / Breathing heavily – stop & rest
Colour change – green –grey look; Shortness of breath
Pain up into chin – tingling in arm or L) leg; Feeling of heaviness on chest
Extreme fatigue due to reduced O2 circulation; Tired after sleeping
Reduced size of blood vessels – Angina: responds to spray under tongue (add to kit if previous attack) – within ten minutes – vessels dilate – may get a headache but is Okay.
Cardiac arrest – looses consciousness – needs cardiac massage/ CPR

Stroke:
Risk factors – hypertension; Extra pressure; Previous TIA (Transient ischemic attack or mini-stroke resolves approx. 5 minutes) due to clot or little bleed in small blood vessels.
F ace – side droops – get them to smile; eyes uneven dilation; pressure on brain
A rms – ask to lift them – uneven lifting or difficulty on 1 side, ? tingling or numbness
S peech – slurred, can’t get words out – jumbled words
T ime – record when – act fast – can deteriorate quickly. Headache persists see doctor
Strokes ctd.
Effect anyone but mainly elderly; headache, flushed face, stop where you are- get help.

Wasp stings – remove quickly, bee stings with a hair/cotton/fingernail as sac attached
Wash with water or saline (salt & water) /apply damp baking soda (sodium bicarbonate)
Antihistamine tabs. – use if you have them. If swelling starts – pink hot – allergy reaction
Breathing difficulties –if allergic reaction check if carrying & use adrenaline Epipen through clothing on thigh hold 10 secs. – shelf life 6 months.

Fractures or sprain;
Sprain – can weight bear – usually soft tissue injury. Side of joint – usually a sprain.
Pain continues after 24hrs. – investigate – get xray
Tendon – eg Achilles torn – foot dangles no control. Stop – don’t weight bear – 6 wks. in plaster.

Hip fractures ?;
No hip fracture – knees and feet face up when lying down
Tap instep – if foot falls to side fractured hip – toes & feet face sideways
Support to prevent movement - bind legs together or provide a firm brace or padding.

Wrist Fracture
Immobilize, use triangle bandage sling, pin or tie sling to clothing to stop movement.
Wear jacket with zip raised, place wrist above zip for support – suggest chemical icepack

Suggested alternatives for use as first aid materials
Leukoflex tape – sticks even when bleeding
Gladwrap around skin tears
Dental floss – use to pull off a ring from a damaged finger – tying up dressings, as boot laces etc.

Suggestions for long walks or more difficult terrain.
Thermal blanket Triangle and Bandage
Steristrips Clean wound dressings
Antiseptic Antihistamine and an Anti-inflamatory cream

For overnight trampers:
Candle and fire starters Waterproof matches Rubber strips
Folding knife – sharp Glucose Sweets - Consider electrolyte replacement eg: Nuums Tablets

PLB (Personal locator beacon) if no cell phone coverage.

IMPORTANT: Carry any personal medication and allergy relief requirements.
Carry ample water for the planned trip, weather and terrain, long trip torch req’d?

(M.R. Jan. 2015)

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