August 22, 2014 at 2:07 PM at 2:07:03 PM
In this first Aid Kit
Band Aids sml.4 & med. 4 Emergency Blanket Paper- notebk- & pencil.
Bandage – stretch small Sewing kit
Bandage - crepe med. Medications Bee or wasp stings
Savlon tube Panadol Baking Soda. Sml. cont.
Cotton wool swabs Nurofen+
Cotton bud Diastop
Dressings Non adherent Diflacan Throat Loz. For Allergy:
Eye pad Claratyne/Loratadine 10mg
Micropore roll dsg. tape Optional
Steristrips packs Hand sanitizer soln. Scissors - small
Telfa pads or dssgs. Mouthguard for mth. to mth. Disposable gloves 2
Disposable Gloves Matches & candle stub. Safety pins – varied
Triangle /sling Tweezers
Resource: Advice from St John’s First Aid Hints – 5-5-2011 and the
ASC Directory and Membership List Personal First Aid and Survival Kit list – see Index: Tramping Gear & Equipment. 'Safety in the mountains' 11th ed 2012
Sudden onset, silent -cannot speak-needs prompt action 5 hard thumps btwn. shoulder blades – then:
5 hard ‘chest thrusts’ compression btm. of sternum - below breasts – How: stand behind - make a fist - place 2nd hand over fist and thrust back hard.
Call ambulance after 1st series/set or get someone else to - when unconscious will fall down – commence CPR. and continue until patient responsive or aid arrives.
CPR – requires 30 chest compressions, at a rate of 100 per minute, followed by 2 (mouth-to-mouth) rescue breaths, - with ongoing repeats untill responsive.
CPR for cardiac arrest, choking, drowning, electric shock, severe allergy, severe trauma or prolonged shock. (Aims to circulate blood to vital organs until aid arrives or pt. rouses)
Chest Pain – breathe faster – (can be caused by indigestion) (Prevention – exercise – no smoking – genetics – keep stress levels down – diet)
Walking – slow down/ breathing heavily – stop & rest
Colour change – green –grey look; Shortness of breath
Pain up into chin – tingling in arm or L) leg; Feeling of heaviness on chest
Extreme fatigue due to reduced O2 circulation; Tired after sleeping
Reduced size of blood vessels – Angina: responds to spray under tongue – within ten minutes – vessels dilate – may get a headache but is Okay.
If chest pain continues: Seek medical help ASAP, do not drive. Chew aspirin (150 -300mg) if not already on it and if not allergic. Tell emergency staff if aspirin taken.
Cardiac arrest – looses consciousness – needs cardiac massage/ CPR
Risk factors – hypertension; Extra pressure –previous TIA (transient ischemic attack, mini-stroke resolves approx. 5 minutes) due to clot or little bleed in small blood vessels
F ace – side droops – get them to smile; eyes uneven dilation; pressure on brain
A rms – ask to lift them – uneven lifting or difficulty on 1 side
L0 side face, arm, leg tingling, or numbness
S peech – slurred, can’t get words out – jumbled words
T ime - Clock – act fast – can deteriorate quickly. Headache persists see doctor
Stroke ctd. Any age – otherwise mainly elderly – headache – flushed face – stop where you are – get help.
Wasp stings – if no allergy remove quickly bee stings with a hair/cotton/fingernail
Wash with water or saline (salt & water)/baking soda (sodium bicarbonate)
Antihistamine tablets – if you have them OK
If swelling starts – pink hot allergy
Breathing difficulties – use adrenaline Epipen through clothing on thigh hold 10 secs. – shelf life 6 mths.
Sprain – can weight bear – usually soft tissue injury. Side of joint – usually a sprain.
Pain continues after 24hrs. – investigate – get xray
Tendon – eg Achilles torn – foot dangles no control. Stop – don’t weight bear – 6 wks. in plaster.
No hip fracture – knees and feet face up when lying down
Tap instep – if foot falls to side fractured hip – toes & feet face sideways
Support to prevent movement.
Zip in jacket, place wrist above zip – suggest chemical icepack. Support with triangle bandage, imobilise.
Suggested first aid materials
Leukoflex tape – sticks even when bleeding
Gladwrap around skin tears
Dental floss – use to pull off a ring from a damaged finger – tying up dressings, boot laces etc.
Triangle and Bandage
Clean wound dressings
For overnight trampers:
Candle and fire starters Waterproof matches Rubber strips
Folding knife – sharp
Glucose sweets - Consider electrolyte replacement eg.Nums Tablets
PLB (personal locator beacon) if no cell phone coverage.
IMPORTANT: Carry any personal medication and allergy relief requirements